School sores - Disease - Saglik Lokman

Glossary of diseases

School sores

Medical name (Impetigo)

Possible Symptoms

Formation of blisters on a skin area Crusting Scar Wound Skin rash Itching of skin

Short description

Impetigo is an inflectional disease which is common in children. It is a bacterial skin infection which is contagious but usually can be considered as an insignificant problem. In some instances, complications may occur and these will require treatment. The affected person should consult a dermatologist if he has any doubts, as early intervention can prevent further infection and complication.

Description

Impetigo is a skin infection that is caused by bacteria and is most commonly observed in children between the ages of two and six years but can also affect adults. It usually starts when bacteria is able to enter through a break in the skin, such as a cut, scratch or insect bite.

Occurrence and Symptoms

Impetigo is mainly caused by streptococcus or staphylococcus bacteria, and multi-resistant staph aureus (MRSA). When there is a small break in the skin, bacteria can enter the skin and multiply there. This causes infection and inflammation. It is most common with children who live in an environment, which is unsanitary. The symptoms start with red or pimple-like lesions surrounded by reddened skin. These sores can be anywhere on the body, but predominantly on the face, arms and legs. The sores fill with pus then break open after a few days and form a thick, typically honey-like, crust. The sores normally disappear completely after few days. Itching is common. Feared is the rare but severe complication of an acute proliferative glomerulonephritis, a kidney disease that can occur after every infection with streptococcus.

Consequences and Treatment

Treatments of impetigo include 1) strict hygiene and covering of the affected skin 2) topical antibiotics (balms) such as mupirocin, 3) oral antibiotics (pills) such as amoxicillin, cephalosporins, clindamycin, cloxacillin, dicloxacillin or erythromycin. Although impetigo can be considered a minor infection, it can nevertheless lead to deeper infections such as cellulitis. It is important to take care of the infected area carefully and to follow a doctor’s prescription.

Where could I go?

Dermatology

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